The Era of Porcelain Enamel

With the advent of the First Industrial Revolution, porcelain enamel started to be applied to substrates as iron and cast iron. The development of industrial porcelain enamel was so closely linked to the advances in metallurgy and chemistry of the late 18th century that the porcelain enamel industry was attracting the best chemists of the time. Although it is known that in the second half of the 1700s some industries were patenting the first porcelain enamel processes on steel sheets, it was only in 1851 that the first manual on technical porcelain enamel was published. At that time, iron sheets were obtained by the hammering of cast iron to produce the first porcelain enameled plates. Around 1870, the almost total porcelain enamel production was limited to cast iron hollow ware, but in the following years, it was possible to produce high-quality cast iron pans, which were white porcelain enamel both inside and outside.

In the second half of the 19th century, porcelain enamel faced different technical problems, such as the lack of pure raw materials and the development of new production methods for steel, but on the other side, many advancements were achieved, such as the discovery of new production methods for pigments. Probably, one of the most important discoveries in this field was represented, using clay to keep the powdered porcelain enamel in suspension in water: this way allows applying the porcelain enamel simply by painting, spraying, or the immersion method. This way, it was possible to produce more durable porcelain enamel at lower costs.

Around the year 1900, Mr. John C. Reed introduced the machine molding of bath tubes, which boosted the sanitary porcelain enamel industry. In the same years, the introduction of antimony compounds as opacifiers in dry coat porcelain enamel is considered an important achievement. The porcelain enamel industry boomed some years after World War I, in the USA, and the manufacturing of refrigerators, stoves, sanitary ware, and household objects grew very rapidly, but it suddenly stopped with the advent of World War II, when porcelain enameling plants were converted to the treatment of war materials. In 1942, the development of titanium-based white porcelain enamel gave a great boost to the rebirth of the porcelain enamel industry, and new products, such as chimney pipes, dishwashers, cooking hobs, and water heaters started to be porcelain enamel. In the following decades, the porcelain enamel industry continued to evolve, also thanks to the development of new deposition techniques, which made it possible to obtain better quality products in an increasingly efficient way. Nowadays, porcelain enamel is commonly applied to many everyday use objects, but it is also used for the covering of panels for architectural applications.

Big Chill Appliances in the Color Cobalt Blue

Cobalt blue is an extremely stable, vibrant shade of blue that results when cobalt salts and aluminum oxide are mixed. Historically popular in glassmaking, pottery, porcelain, and tiles, Cobalt blue was used by famous artists that were attracted to it’s saturated, eye-catching hue.

Monet, Van Gogh, Renoir, and Maxfield Parrish were all fans of using Cobalt blue in their work. Cobalt blue also has been used historically as a coloring agent in Chinese Porcelain.

Pros of Porcelain Enamelled Cookware

Before buying any cookware for your kitchen you should know everything about the advantages and disadvantages of the cookware. There’re some advantages of enamel cookware for you so that you can take your decision easily.

Safe to Use

The first and most important advantage of porcelain cookware is its safety compared to Teflon, aluminium or cast iron cookware. Unlike cast iron or aluminium, this cookware doesn’t interact with acidic foods such as tomatoes, vinegar, and egg yolks. So, it is safe to cook any item of your favourite foods with this enamel pots and pans.

Non-stick Cooking Surface

Another useful side of porcelain enamel-coated cookware is its non-stick cooking surface. The enamel coated non-stick cooking surface will make your cooking easy without food sticking to the bottom. It requires just a small amount of oil to prevent foods from sticking to the pan.


Professional chefs prefer to use porcelain enamel cookware to cook a wide variety of different foods. Unlike most of the non-stick cookware, porcelain enamel cookware can go both in the oven and in the microwave. You can use your enamel cookware on any kind of stovetop. It is also suitable for refrigerated food storage and can be used as a serving dish on the table.

Easy Cleaning Process

One of the great useful sides of using enamel cookware is its easy cleaning process. All you need a quick wipe with a dish sponge and detergent to clean it fast and properly. Furthermore, the enamel glazed surface of the cookware doesn’t need any kind of seasoning, so it requires very little maintenance.

Extremely Durable

The porcelain enamel coated cookware products are extremely durable and last longer. It will last for many years and can be passed from parent to child.

This article comes from csr edit released